Adjudication of disputes from ancient times to modern era has changed with the growth of civilization. When the laws were codified and the process of adjudication regulated, the adjudication of disputes changed from “individual-centric” to one of “individual versus State”. Ever since the advent of Indian Constitution, the Judiciary one of the pillars of Democracy and Legislature each play an independent and important role catering to the needs of the people of Indian Democracy by creating the necessary infrastructure to address the large number of disputes brought to the Judicial System for resolution. Over the course of time and with the evolution of law and increase in litigation, the role of a Judge changed. The judicial infrastructure changed from a simple to a complex form with various tiers in the hierarchy. The adjudication process lengthened with the increase in the number of codified laws and the resultant litigations.
2. The growth in population fuelled a large number of commercial disputes between individuals and the State. New laws presented a challenge to the judicial system, calling upon the Institution to introspect on newer methods of resolution of disputes and for early resolution of the ‘lis’.
3. A Judge, over a period of time, in addition to judicial duties had to take a proactive role as an ‘Administrator’ in providing various frameworks and infrastructure for speedy adjudication of disputes. The bottom-line in this endeavor is to create sufficient judicial infrastructure for the growth of the Judiciary as an Institution, from the lower levels upto the Superior Court.
4. Access to justice is the hallmark of the new and modern judicial system. Speedy disposal of the ‘lis’, without compromising on the quality of adjudication, is another facet of the emerging judicial system world over.
5. Keeping these broad principles in mind, Hon’ble Mr. Justice Ramalingam Sudhakar, on his being elevated as a Judge of the Madras High Court on 10th December, 2005, adjudicated cases of varied nature in the field of original side suits, trademark, patent, design cases, arbitration matters, admiralty cases, company law petitions, tax petitions, tax appeals, writ petitions of general miscellaneous character – contract, service, etc., civil revisions, civil miscellaneous appeals, etc. While deciding cases on the various branches of law, primary importance was given to cases which are more than five years old. Tax appeals - old and new were disposed of at the earliest, thus resolving long pending tax disputes and settling the law on the issue. In cases relating to exemption given to trust and breached for claiming tax benefits ruling were given piercing the veil of the trust.
6. On ‘Environmental Law’, several path-breaking decisions have been rendered. To name a few, the restoration of rain bearing Evergreen Shola Forest in the Western Ghats and Kodaikanal hill range, removing of ‘Prosopis Juliflora’, a species of plant which is major cause of soil and ecological damage, restoring neglected water bodies, removing of encroachments, aforestation of waste land and National Highways, etc.
7. The difficulties faced by the beneficiaries/claimants in the Motor Accident Claims Tribunal for early settlement of the compensation and for quick disposal of the claim(s) were addressed in numerous reported cases. In a case of Motor Accident Claim a decision having far reaching beneficial consequence to litigating claimants the judicial order enabled the claimants to receive their compensation directly through their bank accounts at their place of residence. This avoided manipulation and depravation of just compensation.
8. On the administrative side, the infrastructure requirements of the High Court and various District Courts were promptly and effectively executed to meet the needs of the Judiciary. The numerable steps that have been taken to address the need of the Judiciary are set out in detail separately. These initiatives have given a fillip to the institution. In discharge of his duties both as a Judge as well as an Administrator, the interest of the Institution was paramount, so that the legacy of the Institution is maintained and improved with the change of times.
9. Justice Ramalingam Sudhakar was born on 14.02.1959. He hails from Panapakkam Village, Vellore District (Formerly North Arcot District), Tamil Nadu. Justice R. Sudhakar had his early schooling in Don Bosco Matriculation School, Egmore, Chennai and completed his school education at St. Mary’s Higher Secondary School, Madurai. During his school days, he was an active member of the Boy’s Scout movement and in sports. He graduated with a Bachelors Degree in Life Sciences from Loyola College, Chennai. He actively participated in sports, social and cultural activities both in School and in College. Justice R. Sudhakar was conferred a Degree in Law from Madras Law College.
10. Justice R. Sudhakar was enrolled as an Advocate in the year 1983 and started practice as an associate of the Legal Luminary and Senior Advocate Shri Habibullah Badsha, former Advocate General of Tamil Nadu and Public Prosecutor of Madras High Court. The pedigree of the law firm is worth mentioning. Shri Habibullah Badsha was associated with Shri Govind Swaminadhan - Crown Prosecutor and former Advocate General, Tamil Nadu, who in turn was groomed by legal luminary of the Criminal Bar, Barrister late Shri V. L. Ethiraj, the Founder of Ethiraj College for Women.
11. Justice R. Sudhakar practiced in all branches of law with particular emphasis on Customs, Central Excise and Sales Tax Law. Besides, Madras High Court, he has also practiced/appeared in cases before the High Court of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka High Court and Kerala High Court. He regularly appeared in matters before the Supreme Court of India as well.
12. Justice R. Sudhakar’s father, Late Shri Justice S.T. Ramalingam served as a Judge of the Madras High Court. Justice R. Sudhakar’s maternal grandfather, late Shri S.P. Sri Ram served as a District Judge and retired as Chairman of the Sales Tax Appellate Tribunal. Justice R. Sudhakar hails from a family actively involved in freedom movement championed by the Father of our Nation Mahatma Gandhi. His maternal great-grandfather late S. P. Ayyaswami Mudaliar, a well known Civil Engineer in the early twentieth century, took active part in the freedom movement. During the years 1939 and 1940 the family hosted several national leaders and freedom fighters like Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose at their palatial house ‘GANDHI PEAK’ on Bharathi Salai, Royapettah, Chennai, named in memory of the Father of our Nation.
13. Justice R. Sudhakar was elevated to the Bench as an Additional Judge of the High Court of Madras on 10.12.2005 and as a Permanent Judge on 20.04.2007. In his career as a Judge of the Madras High Court spreading over a decade he decided 26196 Main Cases and 32943 Misc. Cases. A number of judgments delivered by him are reported in various Law Journals published in different parts of the Country. On his transfer from the Madras High Court, Justice R. Sudhakar took the oath of the office of a Judge of the High Court of Jammu and Kashmir on the 18th day of April, 2016.
14. Justice R. Sudhakar is committed to social welfare causes and social reforms. The empowerment of Advocates and their upliftment to bring the creed to its tall stature as it was during the freedom struggle, is one of his ambitious projects.
15. He organized a two days’ year long programme – Redefining Legal Practice for young Advocates on the various facets of legal education under the auspices of the Tamil Nadu Judicial Academy. The Scheme benefitted young lawyers of all districts of Tamil Nadu who were struggling to set their foot in the noble profession.
16. Promoting the cause of underprivileged, protecting the rights of differently-abled people, senior citizens and their rights, is another dimension of judicial reach advanced as a member of higher Judiciary. Social health and welfare issues are other major priorities.
17. Besides constantly and consistently working on law and the legal system, has keen interest in development of Agri Horticulture, and improving safeguarding of natural resources. He is proactive in protection of Environment, renewing forest cover. Restoring Heritage is his passion with meticulous planning and execution.
18. He is fond of travelling all over the globe to imbibe different cultures. He takes part in sports and sports related activity and has impacted the growth of sports by judicial orders in Public Interest Litigation.
19. Music in any form – Classical Indian, Fusion, Western Classical, Jazz, Music of natives all over the world is his passion. He has taken Music and dance as the soul of his life.
20. The Judge also takes interest in promoting Art and Artists, cultural events as a measure of harmonious living.
21. As an alumnus of Loyola College, Madras, he shows sincere concern and partakes in its activities contributing to the growth of education. ADMINISTRATIVE DUTIES – A PERSPECTIVE INTRODUCTION:
The Court oriented justice delivery system a few decades back was with the limited infrastructure primarily single and functional and intended for adjudication of disputes by the Hon’ble Judges. The basic infrastructure and establishment of Courts were taken care of by the State by a meagre budgetary allocation. The requirements for establishment of District and High Court level Courts as directed by the Hon’ble Chief Justice were the role of the State. The Administrative wing of the Registry issued instructions in this regard which were implemented by the State from time to time.
Due to growth in population and the spurt in litigation, there arose an acute need to enhance the infrastructure of the Courts and to address the various other issues such as: (i) undue delay in the disposal of the huge backlog of cases; (ii) improving the justice delivery system both in the High Court as well as District Judiciary; (iii) providing new and varied Courts based on the nature of litigation and the pendency thereof; (iv) providing legal assistance and legal clinics; (vi) establishing of judicial academy, etc. All of this required a lot of time and it weighed on the Chief Justice to tackle these issues. The Chief justice was therefore forced to delegate his/her powers to the Puisne Judges to assist the Chief Justice in implementing various judiciary related administrative work.
The growing need of the Judiciary necessitated the Puisne Judges to rise up to the occasion and take up the administrative tasks in addition to their judicial work. In different Courts across the country, various Committees were formed from time to time based on the need of the particular Court. To implement the directions of the Hon’ble Supreme Court special Committees were formed, like Committee to implement the resolutions passed by the Chief Justices’/ Chief Ministers’ Conference, Committee to implement the E-Court projects, Committee to implement the directions of the National Legal Services Authority, National Court Management System etc. In this backdrop, the role of the Judge in discharge of administrative duties is relevant.
BRIEF OUTLINE OF JUSTICE RAMALINGAM SUDHAKAR:
Hon’ble Judge, Mr. Justice Ramalingam Sudhakar was elevated on 10th December, 2005 along with 17 other Hon’ble Judges and was sworn in by the then Hon’ble Chief Justice-Hon’ble Mr. Justice A. P. Shah. At the request of the Hon’ble Chief Justice, Justice A. P. Shah, Hon’ble Judge was entrusted with various administrative duties. This continued during the tenure of subsequent Chief Justices till Hon’ble Mr. Justice Sanjay Kishan Kaul.
On the basis of faith and confidence reposed by the Hon’ble Chief Justices, His Lordship undertook various administrative duties besides discharging his judicial work. The scope of administrative work can be summarized as under:
As a Member and Chairman of the Building Committee at various period, His Lordship played a predominant role in ensuring development of infrastructure in district level Courts and the Madras High Court including the Madurai Bench. Innumerable meetings were conducted and more than 300 resolutions were passed and implemented. Resultantly, more than 40 Government orders were issued for construction of new combined court buildings. These buildings were designed/drawn/approved and constructed in record time. The new buildings were built at an estimated cost of Rs. 300 crores over a period of three years. The infrastructure of the district judiciary was fully developed by these measures during this time. It also provided for housing to judicial officers who were earlier staying in rented accommodations far away from the judicial office. These court buildings are strategically located near district Collectorate and the District Police Headquarters so as to help the citizens to access the three wings of administration easily.
During his Lordship’s tenure as the Portfolio Judge of Trichy District, a 22 Court Combined Court Building at Trichy was conceived, built and inaugurated. Similarly, the District Munsif-cum-Judicial Magistrate court building and Quarters at Valparai, was inaugurated as Portfolio Judge of Coimbatore. Besides more than two dozen combined Court buildings conceived by the Committee was opened by the respective portfolio Judges.
On 04.02.2016, the Madras High Court Administrative Block building which was built in a record time, was inaugurated by the Hon’ble Chief Justice. This building is a modern corporate style office with heritage style façade to merge with the heritage Court Complex.
Law Officers Building: Law Officers Block (Ground + 3 Floors); Advocates Cooperative Society Ltd., Canteen; Police Control Room were conceived, when his Lordship was a Member of the Hon’ble Special Committee for High Court Car parking & environment Committee. Subsequently, as Chairman of the Madras High Court Heritage Committee, His Lordship ensured the shifting of law officers from the heritage building to the new Law Officers Block, to enable the Heritage Committee to proceed with restoration and conservation work of the 150 years old heritage building.
The Guest House for Madras High Court was a great necessity considering the difficulty experienced by Judges of other Courts. In the Tamil Nadu State Judicial Academy Campus a fully furnished Six Suite Guest House was constructed as per plan and designed conceived by His Lordship. The plan also provided for further expansion and it is in progress.
Auditorium & Museum: The proposal for construction of Auditorium and Museum in the High Court was approved when His Lordship was a member of the Committee. A 1004 Seater Auditorium, was constructed and inaugurated with all modern facilities. It is a first of its kind in the High Court Campus. The shifting of artefact, historical books, manuscripts, judgments, etc. from the Old Museum to the New Museum is in progress. The collection in the Museum traces the history of Madras High Court and the collections are rare.
Digitization: Pursuant to the Resolution of the Chief Ministers and Chief Justices Conference, the issue of digitisation of Court records was taken up. A Committee was constituted under the Chairmanship of His Lordship. Realizing that digitization is the key to improve the justice delivery system and to move out of the slow paper-based mode, the Committee formulated the process of digitization. The Government has accepted it and is presently under implementation.
The Air conditioning system provided in the heritage building few decades back involved breaking the walls of the heritage building caused extensive damage to the doors/windows. Besides, the huge conduit pipes were structured all over the building and the Court halls like an anaconda. It was an eyesore to the beautiful Indo-Saracenic style Madras High Court Building – Hon’ble Judge involved a number of technical persons and in the course of several deliberations, suggested various steps to be taken for removing the huge Air conditioning ducts to be replaced by new and efficient Air conditioning system. A specialist in heritage conservation has been roped in for this purpose.
All these developments were possible due to the best efforts put in by the Chairman and the members of the Building Committee.
BUDGET / FINANCE PROPOSAL COMMITTEE:
As a member of the Budget Proposal Committee, Hon’ble Judge was instrumental in preparing and settling proposals for a sum of Rs.300 Crores for construction of combined court buildings and Court attached quarters for judicial officers of various districts. In all, proposals were sent in respect of 31 District courts. All the proposals fructified during the years 2007 to 2009, which is a feather in the cap of the Madras High Court.
Of the 265 Budget Proposals sent during 2014 and 2015, the Government has issued orders in respect of 69 proposals, which include (i) Constitution of 10 Additional District Courts (Fast Track Courts) one each at Theni, Paramukudi, Arani, Nagercoil, Villupuram, Palani, Mettur, Kumbakonam, Vellore and Kancheepuran; (ii) Construction of Combined Court Buildings and quarters at Dharmapuri, Tirukalikundramand Perundurai; (iii) Constitution of various Family Courts, Subordinate Courts and Judicial Magistrate Courts: (iv) Constitution of 55 Special Magistrate Courts with civil powers to try the petty cases; (v) Funds for accommodation of CISF, etc.
It is to be emphasised that budget preparation for creating infrastructure for existing Courts and to construct new Court is an important function to streamline the justice delivery system.
HIGH COURT LEGAL SERVICES COMMITTEE:
When His Lordship was appointed as Chairman of the High Court Legal Services Committee, the number of cases settled increased manifold. In the Five National Lok Adalats presided by the Hon’ble Judge, nearly 116 cases were settled and an amount of Rs.14.85 Crores went to the beneficiaries.
After His Lordship assumed charge as the Chairman of the Committee on 17.06.2015, five Lok Adalats were conducted in the Principal Seat at Chennai. More than 405 cases got settled and the amount recorded in settlement Rs.22,42,41,463/- Similarly, in the Madurai Bench, 229 cases were disposed of and the amount settled is to the tune of Rs.8.88 Crores. That apart, the two Continuous Lok Adalats presided over by Hon’ble High Court Judges (Retd.) disposed of 329 cases during 2015 and the amount settled from June to December, 2015 is to the tune of Rs.22.42 Crores. It is to be mentioned that it was His Lordship who conceived and implemented the continuous Lok Adalats in the High Court to be headed by Hon’ble Retired Judges several years back.
During the recent Chennai floods in November/December, 2015, His Lordship directed steps to be taken to arrange free transport facilities to public to attend the National Lok Adalat scheduled on 12.12.2015. The State Transport Corporations arranged free transportation to people throughout the State of Tamil Nadu to attend the Lok Adalat despite the ravages of the floods.
As per the direction of His Lordship, the Secretary and the Panel of Advocates visited Central Prison, Puzhal to create legal awareness to inmates. About 115 inmates were given legal assistance during the period June to December, 2015.
As a part of High Court Legal Service Committee role in reaching the people in distress, the survivors of the 2015 floods, were provided basic things like food, clothes, utensils, bedding and medicines. His Lordship ensured the distribution of relief package to approximately 1200 families. The materials were packed in compact sets and sent to the needy people in the interior villages of Cuddalore & Villupuram Districts and in places around Chennai. This was based on the request of Mr. Gagandeep Singh Bedi, I.A.S., Secretary to Government, Rural Development and Panchayat Raj Department (Monitoring Officer, Cuddalore District), who was overseeing the entire distribution. These measures were taken up with the guidance of Hon’ble Madam Justice R. Banumathi, Judge Supreme Court of India and with the help of good Samaritans like the Supreme Court Bar Association, Madras High Court Lawyers, Indian Banks, etc. The State Government also took part in this endeavour. His Lordship used the High Court Legal Services as a tool to help the people in distress.
As a Member of the Tamil Nadu State Judicial Academy, His Lordship conceived the idea of conducting a programme called “Redefining Legal Practice for Advocates – Generation Next (0 to 10 Years)”. The Tamil Nadu State Judicial Academy took up this project to impart Continuing Legal Education to young lawyers hailing from District Courts so that they will address the needs of the marginalized section of the society who require legal assistance through informed legal counsel. The programme was a resounding success.
The construction and establishment of the Regional Centres of the Judicial Academy at Coimbatore and Madurai Districts was done under the active supervision of His Lordship.
HERITAGE, MUSEUM, ENVIRONMENTAL AND PORTRAIT COMMITTEE:
The Madras High Court is believed to be the second largest judicial complex in the world and was built in an Indo-Saracenic Style and its unique architecture has been recognized as one of the architectural wonders from ancient to modern times. The Heritage Committee was constituted to conserve and restore the impressive edifice to its original glory.
His Lordship was an active member of the Heritage Committee, which was constituted during 2006. After His Lordship became the Chairman of the Heritage Committee on 25.11.2014, 18 meetings were convened as on 7.3.2016 and more than 100 resolutions were passed and implemented. The conservation and restoration work of the heritage building and structure is done meticulously by adopting the same method that was followed when the building was built 150 years ago.
In order to establish a benchmark for conservation and restoration work, Rajamannar Hall a historic place in the High Court was restored with Mughal plastering, a unique method of plastering using lime and egg white to give the wall a smooth finish which is a wonder even in modern times. This work is labour intensive, laborious and a highly skilled part of the restoration work. The wooden rafters were not properly maintained and a lot of it was damaged. The damaged portions were removed and replaced with quality wooden rafters and varnished. The heritage floor tiles which got replaced over a period of time with modern tiles was an eye sore and hence were removed and restored with tiles of the original type. These tiles were specially made for the High Court by comparing these to the few original tiles remaining. The completely restored Rajamannar Hall was inaugurated by the Hon’ble Chief Justice, Mr. Justice Sanjay Kishan Kaul on 08.03.2016.The hall having been restored to its original glory is attracting visitors and heritage enthusiasts. The manner in which the hall has been restored made senior counsel of yester years to remark that it is the same as it was decades back as a recollection of their memory of those time.
In furtherance to the initiative taken by the Hon’ble Supreme Court to trace the history of the Supreme Court and High Courts and to upgrade the Supreme Court Museum and at the request of the Hon’ble Supreme Court, the Heritage Committee headed by the Hon’ble Judge was instrumental in designing replicas of the Madras High Court Artefacts. That apart, a write up of history of the Madras High Court manuscripts and landmark judgments were collected and sent to the Hon’ble Supreme Court Museum. The Heritage Committee also identified that in the State of Tamil Nadu there are 51 heritage Court buildings housing District Courts/Sub Courts/Magistrate/Munsiff courts. Under the Chairmanship of His Lordship, the Heritage Committee took steps to preserve the heritage Court buildings.
The restoration work of the landmark old and new light house in the Madras High Court is also under progress. The two structures one on the High Court building and the other one adjacent to the main building are architectural marvels. Tenders have also been invited for restoration of the 22 exquisite domes and minarets by specialist. These structures are unique architectural marvels of the Madras High Court which have given the Court the unique status as an architectural marvel of buildings from ancient times to modern times. The huge terrace of the heritage complex has been redone as per the original parameters and that has strengthened the building in a big way.
As per the direction of His Lordship, the entire heritage work carried out in the Madras High Court is being documented systematically.
SPECIAL COMMITTEE FOR CAR PARKING & ENVIRONMENT
In the year 2006, for the first time, in the High Court Campus, the Committee, of which His Lordship was a member, identified 15 places for Cars and two-wheeler as parking areas. This was needed because of the huge congestion caused by outsiders, namely, the shop-keepers of George Town and flower market occupying the vacant space in the High Court campus. After the regulation the advocates heaved a sigh of relief.
As a Member of the Committee, His Lordship persuaded the Government of Puducherry and got allotment of funds to the tune of Rs.1.73 Crores for improving environmental conditions, such as parking, landscaping, ornamental lights, toilets, construction of staircase, ramp for disabled etc.
The Hon’ble Judge was instrumental for the installation of seven lifts in the High Court Campus and construction of ramps and two special disabled friendly lifts.
The High Court Campus was declared as “Litter-free Zone”, “No smoking zone” and “No Spitting Zone” – thanks to the train of thoughts of the Committee.
The concept of “5S Method” is the brainchild of His Lordship and this is being implemented in the High Court from the year 2007. “5S” denotes – (i) Sort/Segregate; (ii) Set in order/Systematic Arrangement; (iii) Super-clean/shine; (iv) Standardise; and (v) Self Discipline/Sustain. This method decongests the High Court office of unwanted files papers and articles etcetera.
In order to ensure that the Administrative Department and the staff attend the Court in time and to ensure that absenteeism does not affect judicial work, Biometric System was introduced and this curtailed unauthorized absenteeism and late attendance.
Multi-storeyed building for housing Record Sections (English/Vernacular) and Translation Department – Stilt + Nine Floors was conceptualized by His Lordship and the building was inaugurated by the Hon’ble Chief Justice.
The request made by the building Committee for providing Compactors in the nine floor New Records Building was partly sanctioned by the Government and as on date, funds for providing Compactors in two floors have been sanctioned and is being implemented.
At the request of the Hon’ble Chief Justice, Justice Shri S. K. Kaul, the Hon’ble Judge designed and executed a State of Art Modern Arbitration Centre with four Arbitration Halls with all required facilities. This was inaugurated by the Hon’ble Chief Justice of India. The unique design and layout of the Madras High Court Arbitration Centre is a landmark for the Madras High Court. The Hon’ble Chief Justice has said on many occasions that the Madras High Court Arbitration Centre is one of the best in India.
Madras High Court was going through a great stress due to advocates’ boycott, dharna, roadroko and all other forms of protest that stalled the judiciary several months in a year.
The Chief Justice constituted a security Committee, Hon’ble Judge took up the task of revamping the security system as Chairman and the entire system fell in place.
The Hon’ble Judge participated in 33 meetings as on 29.02.2016.
Under His Lordship’s Chairmanship, the Security Committee held several meetings and resolved that security cover for the High Court (Principal Seat and the Madurai Bench) should be handed over to the CISF.
Immediately after declaration of the Madras High Court as a High Security Zone pursuant to the order passed by the First Bench in suo-motu writ proceedings, His Lordship took steps to segregate the High Court campus from the other courts situate within the High Court campus.
Despite the deluge of November, 2015, and the incessant train, His Lordship took all earnest efforts and ensured that the order of the First Bench directing deployment of CISF personnel with effect from 16.11.2015 is implemented in a record time of one week, with available resources and leased out equipments. This put an end to the endless lawyer protests in the corridors of the Madras High Court.
The feedback of the majority stakeholders, practicing advocates staff, etc., was encouraging. In one voice, all concerned stated that the measure stopped the entry of unauthorized people and loitering of unknown persons was curbed. It brought orderliness to the functioning of the Courts.
For the first time in the history of the Madras High Court, the Republic Day celebrations commenced a parade of the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), which was meticulously planned and organized under the supervision of the Security Committee.
SEQUICENTENARY CELEBRATIONS OF MADRAS HIGH COURT:
His Lordship was an active member of the Committee constituted for organizing the Valedictory Function of the Sesquicentenary of the Madras High Court. The then Chief Justice realising that the preparation for the historical function was not progressing well called upon Hon’ble Justice Ramalingam Sudhakar to take an active role in the Committee for the smooth functioning of the celebrations.
The works entrusted to the said Committees were conceived and executed by His Lordships to the satisfaction of one and all.
His Lordships proactive role ensured that the historical function was a grand success. The flawless arrangements were commended by one and all. The valedictory function was a resounding success with a galaxy of luminaries.
TAMIL NADU NATIONAL LAW SCHOOL, TRICHY:
The Hon’ble Chief Justice realising the bad shape in which the T.N.N.L.S was in and also taking note of the complaints by students placed the mantle on Hon’ble Justice Ramalingam Sudhakar to revamp the institution.
His Lordship was nominated as a member of the Executive council of the Tamil Nadu Law School on 10.6.2015.
During the short span of seven months, five meetings of the Executive Council were held. His Lordship developed the infrastructure needed for effective running of the Tamil Nadu National Law School, Trichy. Regular faculty members were appointed. The Vice-Chancellor resigned realising his inability and an IAS officer was appointed and the law school was brought on track.
The “Tamil Nadu National Law School Duties and Responsibilities of Officers and Services Regulations 2015” was framed and implemented.
The various administrative duties performed by Hon’ble Mr. Justice Ramalingam Sudhakar as a Judge of the Madras High Court. The knowledge and expertise gained while serving as a Judge of the High Court is being put to use for tuning up the implementation of various measures to improve the infrastructure, E-Courts project and other facilities to the High Court of Jammu and Kashmir which is in dire need of proper directions to implement various infrastructure and other judicial related measures that remained a non starter for so many years. Appointed as Acting Chief Justice of High Court of Jammu & Kashmir vide notification No.K.11019/07/2018-US.II dated 13th March,2018.
Born on 28-05-1957 at Village Rajpora, Pulwama.Did his LL.B from Kashmir University, joined the Bar and practised as Advocate from 1981 to 1993. Appointed as District & sessions Judge on 27th of May 1993.Remained posted as Principal District & Sessions Judge, Baramulla, Principal District & Sessions Judge, Anantnag, Additional District & Sessions Judge, Srinagar, Special Judge, Anti Corruption, Kashmir, Registrar General, High Court of J&K and Principal District & Sessions Judge, Srinagar. Attended “International Conference on Arbitration (ICCA). Was granted selection grade in July 2001 and was placed in Super Time Scale in April, 2007. Elevated as Additional Judge of High Court of Jammu and Kashmir on 23.11.2007. Appointed as permanent Judge of High Court of Jammu and Kashmir on 01.10.2009. Functioned as Acting Chief Justice of High Court of Jammu and Kashmir from 05.01.2015 to 02.02.2015.
Hon'ble Shri Justice ALOK ARADHE, LL.B
Born on 13th April, 1964 at Raipur , B.Sc and LLB, Enrolled as Advocate on July 12, 1988. Designated as Senior Advocate in April 2007.Revised the 5th and 6th Editions of Principles of Administrative Law by M.P.Jain and S.N.Jain with Late Hon'ble Justice G.P.Singh,Chief Justice of High Court of Madhya Pradesh. Was Visiting Faculty in Judicial Officers Training and Research Institute to address Judicial officers on various issues. Practiced on Civil & Constitutional, Arbitration and Company Matters in the High Court of Madhya Pradesh at Jabalpur. Appointed as Additional Judge of the High Court of Madhya Pradesh on December 29, 2009 and Permanent Judge on February 15th, 2011. Transfered to High Court of Jammu and Kashmir on September 16, 2016. vide notification No.K-11017/33/2016-US.II dated 09th September, 2016 and took oath of office on 20th September, 2016.
Hon'ble Shri Justice ALI MOHD. Magrey, LL.B
Born on 8th December, 1960 in Village Wattoo, Tehsil Damhal Hanjipora, District Kulgam, Kashmir; received school education in native village; did his Graduation and LL.B (Hon’s) from the University of Kashmir; was enrolled as Advocate in the year 1984 and started practicing law in the District courts, including Revenue Courts/Tribunals; simultaneously started conducting matters in the High Court. Remained as standing counsel from 1986 onwards for the State Financial Corporation; Jammu & Kashmir Bank and SIDCO; Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences; Power Development Department; Service Selection Board; Jammu & Kashmir Wakf Board; was appointed as Additional Advocate General in Feb. 2003 with allocation for, General Administration Department, Health and Medical Education Department, Service Selection Board, State Public Service Commission, Estates Department, SKIMS and Vigilance Department; was appointed as Senior Additional Advocate General in September 2009 with additional charge of Home Department; appeared and conducted important criminal, Division Bench and Full Bench matters involving important questions of law, on behalf of the State in the High Court as also in numerous appeals in the Supreme Court of India; also appeared and conducted important Public Interest Litigation matters, constitutional matters, Service matters, Tax matters, Civil matters involving high stakes and important issues, Arbitration matters; appeared in commissions of inquiry also on behalf of State of J&K etc; was appointed as Permanent Judge of the High Court of Jammu and Kashmir vide notification No. K.13021/01/2012-US.II dated 7th March, 2013 and took oath of office on 8th March, 2013.
Hon'ble Shri Justice Dhiraj Singh Thakur, LL.B
Appointed as Permanant Judge of High Court of Jammu and Kashmir on 08.03.2013.
Hon'ble Shri Justice Tashi Rabstan, LL.B
Born in an agriculturist family of Varsudopa on 10th April 1963 at Village SKURBUCHAN, District Leh Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir State, did his Graduation and LL.B from University of Jammu; was enrolled as an Advocate on 6th March 1990 in Bar Council of Jammu and Kashmir and started practicing in the High Court of Jammu and Kashmir & various other High Courts on Arbitrations, Constitution, Service, Election, Civil and Criminal matters. Experienced in researching intent of laws & judicial decisions & apply law to clients’ circumstances. Remained as Standing Counsel for Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council, Leh from 1997 till 2005; was appointed as Additional Central Government Standing Counsel, now Central Government Counsel, for Jammu and Kashmir High Court, Jammu Wing in September,1998 and continued till elevation; was also remained as panel counsel for Union Public Service Commission, New Delhi from April, 2008 till 31st December 2011; was appointed as Additional Judge of the High Court of Jammu and Kashmir vide Notification No. K.13021/01/2012-US.II dated 7th March, 2013 and took oath of office on 8th March, 2013. Appointed as permanent Judge of High Court of Jammu and Kashmir on 16.05.2014.
Hon'ble Shri Justice Janak Raj Kotwal, LL.B
Born in Bhaderwah on 29th August 1956. Was appointed Munsiff Hira Nagar in November 1982, after qualifying Kashmir Civil Service (Judicial) exam. After rendering excellent judicial service for 17 years he was promoted as District & Sessions Judge in August 1999. He was posted as Principal District & Sessions Judge of all most all the districts of Jammu province besides serving two times as Special Judge Anti-corruption Court Jammu. Because of his outstanding performance his services were placed at the disposal Chief Justice of the J&K High Court & served as Registrar Judicial, Principal Secretary to Chief Justice, Registrar Vigilance & Registrar General High Court. He was conferred Suppertime Scale on 05.01.2009. His over 28 years of service he proved his mettle by delivering various judgments of public interest on Civil & Criminal side besides deciding numerous accidents claims as President of the MACT Jammu & landmark judgment as Judge of the Anti-corruption Court Jammu. He has always maintained judicial decorum & dignity of the court wherever he was posted & his administrative qualities on all the prominent posts in the High Court administration. His last postingbefore elevation was as Judicial Member, J&K Special Tribunal (appellate authority). Appointed as Additional Judge of High Court of Jammu and Kashmir on 08.03.2013. Appointed as permanent Judge of High Court of Jammu and Kashmir vide Notification No. K.13021/03/2014-US.II dated 03.03.2015 and took oath of Office on 04.03.2015
Hon'ble Shri Justice Sanjeev Kumar, LL.B
Born on 8th of April, 1966 in village Prehta Nagrota of Tehsil Basohli Distt. Kathua. Had his early Education in Local Govt. Middle School, did his matriculation from Govt. H.S.S. Basohli and secured 10th position in J&K State Board of School Education in matriculate Examination 1981. Graduation (B.Sc) from Govt. Degree College Kathua in 1985 in first Division and LLB from University of Jammu in 1988 in first Division. Enrolled Advocate by J&K Bar Council in Feb. 1989.
Appointed Govt. Advocate for Srinagar Wing of the High Court of J&K twice, first from 1992 to 1993 , Second from 1994 to 1995. Again appointed Govt. Advocate for Jammu Wing in the year 1995 and remained, as such, till 1998. Represented almost all Govt. Deptts. and PSUs. Was Counsel on Panel of Advocate General for more than two years and representative Forest Deptt. & Finance Deptt. including Commercial Taxes and Excise Deptt. of State in the Jammu Wing of Hon’ble High Court. Was also standing counsel for J&K SSB for almost six years between 2006-2012. Practised mainly in the High Court and had more than two hundred reported judgments to his credit. Appeared in many notable cases like Toshakana Case, Assembly Dissolution Matter and recently in ‘Reservation in promotion Matter’ & many more. Was administered oath on 06.06.2017 as Permanent Judge of J&K High Court.
Hon'ble Shri Justice M.K Hanjura, LL.B
Did his graduation from Government Degree College Bemina in the year 1976. Pursued Law as a subject in the University of Kashmir and completed LLB (Hons) in the year 1979. Practiced Law in the District Courts at Budgam upto the date of his appointment as a Munsiff on 19.01.1987. Was promoted as District Judge in the year 2003. Worked as special Judge Anti Corruption, Jammu Province, Chairman Sales Tax Tribunal J&K, Principal District and Sessions Judge Kathua during his tenure as District and Sessions Judge. Decided the infamous case relating to Birpur Land Scandal and many others in his capacity as Special Judge Anti Corruption Jammu Province and Principal District and Session Judge, Kathua. Worked in all the rungs of the Registry of the High Court of J&K. Served twice as the Registrar General of the High Court of Jammu and Kashmir. Had the distinction of working as a Registrar in the Supreme Court of India for more than 3 years. Was appointed as member (Judicial) National Company Law Tribunal in the year 2016 and worked as such for six months. Resigned from this post on 20.02.2017 and assumed the charge of the office of the Food Safety Appellate Tribunal, Jammu on 21.02.2017 since when he has been working as such.Took oath on 06.06.2017 as High Court Judge.
Hon'ble Shri Justice Sanjay Kumar Gupta, LL.B
Born on 24.11.1961, did matriculation from Oriental Academy, Jammu in 1976, did B.Sc with full medical subjects from G.G.M Science College, Jammu in 1982, did L.L.B. from University of Jammu. Enrolled as Advocate in Bar Council of Delhi in 1986, joined Jammu bar in the Chamber of S.S Lehar (Senior Advocate) and practised in all fields including criminal, civil, revenue , MACT etc in subordinate courts and before High Court. Was selected as direct recruit in higher judicial service as District and Sessions Judge on 22.01.2004 and was posted as Additional District and Sessions Judge Doda, served as District and Sessions Judge in various courts at Jammu, including 1st additional, 2nd additional ,3rd additional ,additional District and Sessions judge and Principal District and Sessions Judge Jammu. Also remained posted as 3rd and 4th additional District and sessions Judge Srinagar ,Judicial member special tribunal, J&K at Jammu. One man forest tribunal Jammu and Kashmir, Principal District and Sessions Judge Leh, Principal District and sessions Judge, Rajouri. Lastly was posted as Principal District and Sessions Judge, Jammu, from where elevated to permanent judge of High Court of Jammu and Kashmir. Took oath on 06.06.2017 as High Court Judge.