Hon'ble Former Chief Justices's of High Court J & K
Hon'ble Shri Justice Badar Durrez Ahmed
Born on 16th March, 1956 in Shillong (Meghalaya). Studied in St Edmund's College, Shillong, (1962-1966) and St Columba's High School, New Delhi (1966-1971). Passed the Indian School Certificate Examination in 1971-1972. Was selected for the National Science Talent Scholarship (1972). However, took up Economics (Hons) and graduated from St Stephen's College, Delhi University in 1975. Passed Tripos in Economics Examination from Trinity College, Cambridge University, U.K. in 1977 and obtained the B.A(Hons) and M.A. Degrees. Was Lecturer in Economics for B.A.(Hons) Second and Final Year students in St Stephen's College, Delhi (1977-1979). At the same time, was also studying for the LLB Degree which he received in 1980 from Delhi University. Enrolled as an Advocate on 5.9.1980 with the Bar Council of Delhi and started practice in the Supreme Court of India and Delhi High Court. Initially joined the chamber of Shri Siddhartha Shanker Ray, Bar-at-Law (Senior Advocate) for about three years. Thereafter, practiced law independently. In 1986 he set up a law firm under the name of “Lawyers Associated”. Was partner in the firm till March, 2000. Thereafter, practiced in the Supreme Court and other High Courts as counsel and also advised on various aspects of law relating to finance, companies, properties, banking, contracts and other areas of commercial and civil law. Also has a keen interest in Personal Laws including Muslim Personal Law and has written several articles in this connection. Has contributed the section on “Deeds and other instruments” for Halsbury's Law of India. He is keenly interested in computers and knows several computer programming languages including Assembly, C Basic, Visual Basic and dialects of Dbase (including Clipper) and has written two stand-alone accounting software packages for lawyers: ACT-C and ACT-S. Till his elevation as an additional Judge of the Delhi High Court on 20th December, 2002, he was also the Secretary of Ghalib Institute, New Delhi. He is a keen sportsman and played Cricket and Football for the school. Was member of the St Stephen's College Tennis Team and played Tennis and Squash for Trinity College, Cambridge, U.K. Appointed as Chief Justice of High Court of Jammu & Kashmir vide notification No.K.13021/01/2017-US.II dated 24th March,2017 and took oath of office on 1st April, 2017.
Hon'ble Shri Justice N. Paul Vasanthakumar
Justice Vasanthakumar, who is from Martha dam in Kanyakumari district of Tamil Nadu, had been a lawyer for 25 years.
Justice N. Paul was born on 15.03.1955. Passed. He was Enrolled as an Advocate in the year 1980. He was Junior to Late Mr. T. Martin. He was given a Honorary post of member in Ecclesiastical Synod Courts, C.S.I. Specialist in Service Law, Labor Law and Education matters. He held the post of Senior Standing Counsel for Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission and also Standing Counsel for Central Government. He was appointed as Additional Judge of High Court of Madras on 10.12.2005 and as Permanent Judge on 20.04.2007. During his stint in the High Court of Madras, he had delivered several important judgements on several legal issues.
Among the important judgements pronounced by Justice Vasantha included statutory prohibition for failing a student and retaining (him) in the same standard, refusing permission for granite quarrying in hilly areas, making compulsory for banks to provide loans to students for educational purposes, et.c
Hon'ble Shri Justice M. M. Kumar
Born on January 5, 1953, justice Kumar after completing L.LB in 1977 got enrolled with the Bar Council of Punjab and Haryana. He pursued LLM from the University of Birmingham (United Kingdom) in 1982.
He has also authored a book titled 'Control of Exclusion Clauses in England and India' in 1985. Justice Kumar also worked as part-time lecturer at the faculty of law in Panjab University, Chandigarh from 1984 to 1990.
Justice Kumar was elected as the vice-president of Punjab and Haryana Bar Association, Chandigarh, in 1991-92 and also worked as an additional advocate general of Punjab from October 1995 to December 1996.
He is president of International Law Association Punjab, Haryana and Chandigarh chapter and also president of Punjab, Haryana and Chandigarh chapter of Indian Law Institute.
Hon'ble Sh. Justice F. M. Ibrahim Kalifulla
Hon'ble Thiru. Justice Fakkir Mohamed Ibrahim Kalifulla.
The learned Judge is the son of Late Thiru. Justice M. Fakkir Mohamed and was born on 23.07.1951. He hails from Karaikudi, Sivagangai District, Tamil Nadu and was enrolled as an Advocate on 20.08.1975. He was an active Labour Law Practitioner as Partner of the Lawyer's Firm called M/s. T.S. Gopalan & Co., and appeared for various Public and Private Sector Undertakings, Nationalised and Scheduled Banks. He was the Standing Counsel for the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board. On 02.03.2000, His Lordship was appointed as Permanent Judge of the Madras High Court.
After assumption of office, the learned Judge has rendered very many landmark Judgments. In one case relating to election to a local body, namely, the Chennai City Corporation, sitting in a Division Bench, the learned Judge rendered a dissenting Judgment holding that the election in respect of 99 wards was liable to be set aside. The matter was referred to a third Judge and the third Judge also confirmed the view of Justice F.M.Ibrahim Kalifulla.
Enthralled by the verdict of the learned Judge, there was widespread appreciation from all quarters. To quote a few, there was an article written by a retired conscientious bureaucrat of the Indian Administrative Service, which would be of worth mentioning. The said article appeared in ‘NEWS TODAY’ dated 13.1.2007 under the caption “ A MOMENT OF INFAMY FOR TAMILNADU GOVERNMENT”. It will be appropriate to quote what the author said in his article.
“Through his judgment, Mr. Justice Kalifulla has given cubic content to the immortal words of Justice Felix Frankfurter: ‘Judges are not merely the habitations of bloodless categories of the law which pursue their pre-destined ends’. Instead of taking a sterile, bloodless and neutrally neutral view between good and evil, he has categorically declared:’ He has referred to the word of caution given by the Supreme Court of India to the effect that successful candidates who had resorted to foul methods should not be allowed to reap the benefits. He has also stated that he was convinced that ‘there was an extreme and extraordinary situation’, which warranted an extraordinary remedy in view of the magnitude of the situation. He has concluded that it would be wholly inappropriate if fresh elections were not ordered to a majority of the wards. By his verdict setting aside the civic elections in 99 wards out of 155 wards, Mr. Justice Kalifulla has demonstrated that another great American Judge and Jurist Benjamin N Cardozo (1870-1938) was absolutely right when he stated: ‘The great tides and currents which engulf the rest of men, do not turn aside in their course, and pass the judges by”.
Appreciating the uncompromised stand taken by the learned Judge on the Corporation Polls, the Editor of the Madras Law Journal has expressed his view in the following words, which is reported in (2007) 1 MLJ Page 1, which read as under:
“Whatever be the ultimate majority opinion that might emerge, it fills us with pride that a judge obtains a special eulogical mention in the Press for what it perceives to be correct decision. Praiseful references are made in obituary columns of farewell occasions. ‘When they come, when the judge is still in the Bench, not merely from a lawyer, who may have an axe to grind, but from the press, it is a defining moment for the judiciary itself.”
One other landmark judgment delivered by the learned Judge was relating to introduction of Vedic Astrology as a course of Scientific study in the Indian Universities which had the seal of approval of the Supreme Court. When a challenge was made in the High Court in a writ petition, the learned Judge declined to interfere with the move of the State. In the Judgment reported in 2004-4-L.W.195 (Dr.K.Natarajan, Director, Dr.K.N..Study Centre for Humanism V. The Union of India represented by its Secretary to the Human Resources Department, New Delhi and another), the learned Judge expressed his views in the following words:
“…..The very purpose of imparting education is to gain knowledge and also education is stated to be the teacher of a teacher. Therefore, there should be every scope for making a study on very many subjects in order to enrich one’s craving for knowledge. Any such attempt from any quarters in furtherance of that pursuit, in my opinion should not, therefore, be stultified. ……By introducing the subject of Vedic Astrology either as a science subject or as an arts subject or under any other category, it will have to held that the same would only help the pupil to gain knowledge in that particular subject. ……When it is for the pupil concerned to select any particular field or subject in furtherance of his future career, merely because the subject has got its basic origin traceable to some cult, it cannot be held that the same would only result in propagation of a particular religion. On that footing, it cannot be held that there should be a ban on introduction of that subject as a course of scientific study.” The said view of the learned Judge was approved by the Hon’ble Supreme Court when a similar challenge came up for consideration before the Hon’ble Supreme Court. It is also reported in 2004-4 L.W.197. While approving the view of the Learned Judge, the Hon’ble Supreme Court referred in detail the point of view expressed by the Learned Judge in paragraph 16 of the judgment. Transferred to High Court of Jammu and Kashmir and assumed charge of Office on 24.02.2011. Appointed as Acting Chief Justice of High Court of Jammu and Kashmir on 07.04.2011. Took oath as Chief Justice of High Court of Jammu and Kashmir on 18.09.2011. Elevated as Judge, Supreme Court of India on 2nd April, 2012.
Hon'ble Dr. Justice Aftab Hussain Saikia
Born in April 1949, Aftab Hussain Saikia obtained B.Sc. with distinction from Cotton College, Guwahati in 1969. He obtained LL.B. and LL.M. from Guwahati University also. He got enrolled as an Advocate in the Guwahati High Court in August 1974. He was public prosecutor for Government of Assam from 1983-1986.
He has also been in academic fields for some years. He was associated with J.B. Law College, Guwahati as Lecturer from 1977-1991. He was Principal of J.B. Law College in 1991. He was Guest Lecturer, LL.M. Classes in the Department of Law, Guwahati University from 1983-85 and 1988-89.
He was Member, Bar Council of Assam, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh since 1983 and Vice-Chairman of this Bar Council from 1996-98. He is permanent Member, Indian Law Institute, New Delhi. He was designated as Senior Advocate of the Guwahati High Court in June 1999.
Hon'ble Sh. Justice Barin Ghosh
Hon'ble Shri Justice Barin Ghosh was born on June 05, 1952. He was enrolled as an Advocate on December 19, 1978, and practiced in the High Court of Calcutta mainly in matters of Civil, Company and Constitutional Affairs. He was appointed as a Permanent Judge of the Calcutta High Court on July 14, 1995. He was transferred to the Patna High Court, where he assumed Charge on January 07, 2005. He was appointed as the Chief Justice of Jammu & Kashmir High Court on December 24, 2008 and took over as the Chief Justice of the High Court of Jammu and Kashmir on January 03, 2009. On transfer to the High Court of Sikkim he took oath on April 13, 2010 as Chief Justice of the High Court of Sikkim.
Hon'ble Sh. Justice Manmohan Sarin
1963-1966 Graduated from St. Stephens College, Delhi
1966-1969 Bachelor of Laws from Faculty of Law, University of Delhi, Campus Law Centre
1974 Post Graduate course in Industrial Law and Labour Relations from Indian Law Institute
1969-1979 Worked as in-house Counsel of IBM, World Trade Corporation for 10 years. Handled variety of corporate and commercial matters. Cases and matters in relation to Customs and Excise, FERA, MRTP, Industrial Licences, Transfer of Property Act, Urban Land (Ceiling & Regulation ) Act etc.
1979-1995 Practised as an Advocate in the High Court of Delhi and Supreme Court of India. Handled multifarious litigation in Constitutional, Civil, Company matters, Arbitration, Laws relating to Press and Media. Represented and successfully defended several Journals, Newspapers and Publications.
1990-1995 Senior Panel Counsel for the Government of India for the year 1990 to 1995. Represented the Union of India in a variety of matters in Writ jurisdiction, Civil, Original and Appellate side, complicated Service Matters relating to Army and Para Military Forces, Take over of Banks, PILs etc. Lucrative Practice with leading corporate houses as clients.
1990 & 1991. Vice President of Delhi High Court Bar Association for the years
03.09.2008 Judge, High Court of Delhi
As a Judge of the High Court for over 13 years, Presided over almost every jurisdiction. Headed the Tribunal constituted under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 in respect of following organizations- ULFA, BODO, NSCN & Deendar Anjuman.
2007-2008 Chairman of the COFEPOSA Board
19.10.2008 Chief Justice, High Court of Jammu & Kashmir
Several judgments concerning compensation in Writ jurisdiction as Public Law remedy, Habeas Corpus Petitions, Arbitration Law, Contempt of Courts Act – on recusal by Judge, Privilege and Confidentiality of source for media, Unauthorized Construction, Capital Punishment, Compounding of Offences, Judgment on Transplantation of Human Organs Act, Formation of Committee and monitoring the recommendations leading to reform and amendments in provision of the Rules and Act.
Judgments on the issue of Child and Run-away Marriages, generating debate and leading to the Law Commission recommendations for amendment in law.
Participated in several International Conferences, representing the Judiciary. Seminar on Rehabilitation of Sick Companies, Corporate Restructuring, Money Laundering, Intellectual Property Rights – WIPO, Law Asia Conference on International Trade Law, Panel Speaker in the Conference of Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), held in Seoul. President of INSOL India since its inception from 27.09.1997 to 23.05.2008
Major role in setting up the Delhi High Court Mediation and Conciliation Centre and training of Mediators.
Chairman of the Delhi High Court Legal Services Committee.
Hon'ble Sh. Justice K.S. Radhakrishnan
Radhakrishnan obtained master's degree in Law in Administrative Law from the Cochin University of Science and Technology. He has also passed Post Graduate Diploma in Constitutional Law from ICPS, New Delhi. He was enrolled as Advocate on 8 December 1973 and practiced in the High Court of Kerala and Subordinate Civil Courts at Ernakulam. Radhakrishnan was Standing Counsel for Cochin University of Science and Technology, State Bank of India, State Bank of Travancore, Kerala State Cooperative Rubber Marketing Federation and State Trading Corporation of India. he served as the Chief Justice of Jammu and Kashmir High Court and Chief Justice of Gujarat High Court.
Hon'ble Sh. Justice B. A. Khan
Justice Bashir Ahmed Khan, M.A., L.L.B. - Born in April, 1945. Enrolled as an Advocate by the Bar Council at Delhi in September, 1971 and shifted to Srinagar Bar in 1972. Worked as Lecturer, in Kashmir University Law Faculty during 1972-78. Practiced on both civil and criminal sides. Appointed Additional Advocate General in September, 1986 and resigned from the post on 15.1.1990. Appointed as permanent Judge of the Jammu and Kashmir High Court on 12.11.90. Shifted to Madhya Pradesh High Court on 8.10.97 and headed its Indore Bench as Administrative Judge for over two years. Appointed to Delhi High Court on 14.01.2000.
Hon'ble Sh. Justice S. N. Jha
Justice S N Jha joined bar in 15.07.1969, practiced as an Advocate at the Patna High Court until he was elevated as a judge of the same High Court in 10.07.1990. He was elevated as the 23rd Chief Justice of Jammu and Kashmir High court on 04-02-2004 and Chief Justice of Rajasthan High Court on 12.10.2005, from where he retired on 15.06.2007. Upon his retirement, Justice Jha was appointed as the President of Customs Excise and Service Tax Appellate Tribunal (CESTAT). He resigned from CESTAT in service of humanity and joined as the founder chairperson of the Bihar State Human Rights Commission from where he has retired in November 2014.
Hon'ble Sh. Justice B. C. Patel
BABULAL CHANDULAL PATEL, Born on 07.08.1943 at Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Obtained degree of B.A. (Hons.) with Economics in 1963. Obtained LL.B. degree and also M.A. degree with Economics and Politics from Gujarat University in 1967. Enrolled as an Advocate on 05.04.1968.
Started practice as an Advocate in the City Civil Court, Ahmedabad from 1968. Shifted his venue of practice to Gujarat High Court from 1970 onwards. Joined the Chamber of Well-known Criminal Side Advocate, Late Mr. H.K. Thakore and actively assisted and conducted with him many important Sessions Cases and Criminal appeals. Practiced independently as an Advocate in the High Court of Gujarat from 1981.
Practiced in Civil, Constitutional and Criminal matters. Has represented Gujarat Electricity Board for 10 years in various courts. Has keen interest in education and has worked as Professor of Law in various colleges for about 15 years. Elevated to the Bench of Gujarat High Court as Permanent Judge on 21.06.1990.
As Judge of Gujarat High Court, his lordship delivered landmark judgments particularly on town planning and building activities in urban areas. The celebrated judgments delivered by his Lordship paved way for removal of encroachments for public places and installation of safety devices in high-rise buildings. These landmark judgments of his Lordship were widely appreciated by general public.
Was Acting Chief Justice of Gujarat High Court from 05.03.2002 to 16.03.2002. Elevated as Chief Justice, High Court of Jammu & Kashmir and took oath on 15.05.2002. Transferred as Chief Justice of Delhi High Court. Took oath as Chief Justice of Delhi High Court on 05.03.2003.
Hon'ble Sh. Justice H. K. Sema
Mr. Justice H.K. Sema - Born on 01.06.1943. Did his graduation from St. Joseph College Darjeeling in the year 1967. Passed his LLB Examination from Govt. Law College, Bombay in 1970. Joined the Bar Council of Assam and Nagaland in 1971. Appointed as Junior Government Advocate, Nagaland in 1971 and continued in the same post up to 28.02.1975. In March 1975, started practice in the High Court as private practitioner. Appointed Assistant Advocate General, Nagaland from 16.11.1985. Appointed Judge in the Guwahati High Court on 24.05.1989. Appointed Acting Chief Justice of Guwahati High Court with effect from 05.04.2001.
Transferred to High Court of Jammu and Kashmir and took oath on 07.06.2001 as Judge High Court of Jammu and Kashmir. Appointed Acting Chief Justice of High Court of Jammu and Kashmir with effect from 23.08.2001. Appointed Chief Justice of High Court of Jammu and Kashmir and took oath on 12.09.2001. Elevated as Judge of the Supreme Court of India on 9th April, 2002 and Retired on 01.06.2008(F.N.). Appointed as Chief Justice of Gujarat High Court on 25/01/2000. Appointed as Judge of Supreme Court of India on 05/03/2002.
Hon'ble Dr. Justice B.P. Saraf
Born on August 23, 1939, Dr Saraf was brought up and educated in Guwahati. Dr Saraf had a brilliant academic career: he secured the first class first position in B Com and M Com examinations, under the Gauhati University, and also stood first in LLB examination. He was awarded doctorate degree for his thesis ‘Capital taxation in India’.
Dr Saraf joined the Gauhati High Court Bar in 1963 and had an extensive practice, specially in writ, taxation, corporate and commercial laws. He was appointed a Judge in the Gauhati High Court on January 2, 1989. Later, he was transferred to Bombay High Court on December 11, 1991, and also served as Chief Justice (Acting) in Bombay High Court and on February 21, 2000, Dr Saraf was appointed Chief Justice of Jammu & Kashmir High Court. He retired from service on August 22, 2001. Thereafter, he was appointed chairman of the “State Backward Class Commission, Maharashtra, and continued in the same post till his death.
He authored a number of books on taxation and other legal subjects.
The Gauhati High Court and the High Court Bar Association condoled his demise this afternoon, stated a press release.
Hon'ble Sh. Justice Bhawani Singh
Born on 28.03.1944. He joined the legal profession and practiced in the Himachal Pradesh High Court and Supreme Court since 1968. He practiced on Constitutional Service, Taxation, Company, Criminal, Civil and Revenue Law side. He was Chairman of the Bar Council of Himachal Pradesh for the Second term. He was Legal Advisor of the Himachal Pradesh University, H.P. Agriculture University, Dr. Y. S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry and Member of Board of Studies in Law, H.P. University and Examiner in Law. He was also a Member of Himachal Pradesh University Court. Appointed as permanent Judge of the Himachal Pradesh High Court from 16.12.1988. Transferred to Jammu & Kashmir High Court on 22.03.1996. Appointed as Chief Justice of that High Court on 16.06.1997. Transferred as Chief Justice of Madhya Pradesh High Court on 24.02.2000.
Hon'ble Sh. Justice M. Ramakrishna
Born on 13-04-1936. Enrolled as an Advocate on 30-01-1968. Appointed District Judge in 1977 but resigned soon thereafter. Elevated as a Judge High Court of Karnataka on 10-01-1983. Appointed Chief Justice of Jammu & Kashmir High Court on 10.10.1994 and later Chief Justice of the Guwahati High Court on 18.06.1997 to 12.04.1998.
Hon'ble Sh. Justice S. Sagir Ahmed
Mr. Justice Saiyed Saghir Ahmad, B.A., LL.B.—Born on 1st July, 1935. Enrolled Advocate of the Allahabad High Court on 6th December, 1961. Practiced on the Civil side before the Lucknow Bench. He was Standing Counsel of the Uttar Pradesh Government since 1976 and of the Northern Railway since 1971. Appointed Additional Judge, Allahabad High Court from 2nd November, 1981. Appointed permanent Judge from 30th December, 1982. Transferred to Jammu & Kashmir High Court on 1-11-93. Appointed as Chief Justice of Jammu & Kashmir High Court on 18-3-94. Transferred as Chief Justice of Andhra Pradesh High Court on 23-9-94. Appointed as Judge of the Supreme Court of India on 6-3-1995. Retired on 30-6-2000.
Hon'ble Sh. Justice S.C. Mathur
Graduated in LAW. Born on 18th March, 1932. Enrolled Advocate of the Allahabad High Court in 1959. Practiced in Lucknow in Civil Matters and Writ Petitions. Was Counsel for the U.P. State Electricity Board, Life Insurance Corporation and Central Bank of India. Appointed Additional Judge, Allahabad High Court for 2 years from the 30th March, 1978 and reappointed for 4 months from 30.3.1980. Appointed permanent Judge on 30th July, 1980.
Hon'ble Sh. Justice S.S. Kang
(15 May 1931 – 12 October 2012) was the fourteenth Governor of Kerala from 25 January 1997 to 18 April 2002. He served as a judge of the Punjab and Haryana High Court from February 1979 and was subsequently promoted and transferred as the Chief Justice of the Jammu and Kashmir High Court, a post he held from 24 October 1989 to 14 May 1993. During his tenure E K Nayanar and A K Antony were the Chief Ministers of Kerala. Following his stint as the Governor of Kerala, he was appointed a member of the National Human Rights Commission 1993. He then retired.
Kang died in Chandigarh on 12 October 2012 after a long illness. He was 81.
Hon'ble Dr. Justice Adarsh Sein Anand
(born 1 November 1936) was the 29th Chief Justice of India, serving from 10 October 1998 to 31 October 2001.
Anand completed his studies in Jammu, Lucknow University, and University College London, and enrolled as an Advocate at the Bar Council on 9 November 1964. Having practised in Criminal Law, Constitutional Law, Election Law at the Punjab and Haryana High Court, he was appointed as Additional Judge, Jammu and Kashmir High Court from 26 May 1975. He became the Chief Justice, Jammu and Kashmir High Court on 11 May 1985 and transferred to the Madras High Court on 1 November 1989. He was appointed a Judge of the Supreme Court of India, on 18 November 1991. He enjoyed one of the longest tenures as Chief Justice, since Justice Y. V. Chandrachud
On 17 February 2003, he took over as the Chairperson of the National Human Rights Commission and was succeeded by Justice Rajendra Babu on 2 April 2007.
On February, 2010, he was appointed as chairman of a five-member committee set up to examine the safety aspects of the Mullaperiyar Dam in Kerala. The panel submitted the report on 25 April 2012
Hon'ble Sh. Justice V.Angarial Khalid
Mr. Justice Vazhakkulangarayil Khalid, Born, 1st July, 1922. Educated at Municipal High School, Cannanore; Government Brennen College, Tellicherry; Presidency College, Madras and Law College, Madras. Enrolled Advocate, Madras High Court on 8.3.1948. Did Criminal and Civil work at Cannanore and Tellicherry; and Criminal, Civil and Writ proceedings at Ernakulam. Appointed Judge from 7.3.1974. Appointed Chief Justice, Jammu & Kashmir on 24.8.1983. Appointed Judge, Supreme Court with effect from 25.6.1984. Retired on 30.6.1987.
Hon'ble Sh. Justice Mufti Baha-ud-Din
Justice baha ud din pursued Master’s Degree in Mathematics and then did Law at Aligarh Muslim University. He was a topper in Mathematics.
After accomplishing his studies, he started practice at District Court Anantnag along with his friend and former Chief Minister of State, Syed Mir Qasim.
He then joined judicial service and started his career as Munsiff in Subordinate Judiciary and later served as Law Secretary to the government during the regime of Ghulam Muhammad Sadiq.
He then became District and Sessions Judge Srinagar and was elevated as High Court Judge in 1971. During his tenure, he passed a number of landmark judgments and his judgment regarding anti-defection was the first to be passed by any high court of the country. The judgment became the basis for anti-defection law ratified by the Parliament of India.
He resigned in 1983 as Chief Justice of Jammu and Kashmir High Court, when he was transferred to Sikkim High Court, on the ground that Government of India had no jurisdiction to transfer a J&K High Court Judge to any part of the country as the State had a special status under Article 370.
Hon'ble Sh. Justice Mian Jalal-ud-Din
After completing his Masters in Economics and later pursuing LLB from Aligrah Muslim University in 1939, the deceased eventually began his career as advocate in J&K High Court in 1941. With Kashmir rallying against Dogra rule, Jalal-ud-Din participated in ‘Quit Kashmir’ movement and ended up serving two-year jail term. He later joined the judicial service and remained associated with several panels.
Hon'ble Sh. Justice Raja Jaswant Singh
Born on 25th January, 1914 – Matriculated from Government High School, Mirpur securing 4th position in the school – Joined Forman Christian College, Lahore, in 1929 wherefrom he graduated in 1933 – obtained degree of Bachelor of Laws in 1935 from the Punjab University, Lahore, securing very high Ist Division – was also awarded a certificate of honour in F.E.L. Class – Joined the Bar as a Pleader at Jammu in March, 1936 – was admitted and enrolled as a Vakil of the High Court of Jammu & Kashmir in May 1938 – was enrolled as Advocate of the High Court in March 1942 – was appointed as Public Prosecutor, Jammu in August 1944 and remained so upto December, 1944 – worked as Public Prosecutor, Mirpur, from 19-3-1945 to 15-5-1945; as Public Prosecutor, Srinagar, from 20-5-1945 to 14-11-1945; as Public Prosecutor, Mirpur, from 7-12-1945 to 1-6-1946; as Public Prosecutor, Srinagar, from 1-6-1946 to 19-9-1946; as Public Prosecutor, Jammu, from 28-9-1946 to 15-5-1947; was appointed as 2nd Assistant to the Advocate General on 18-5-1947; appointed Assistant Advocate General , Jammu & Kashmir on 1-8-1948; functioned as Acting Advocate General from 1949 and became full fledged Advocate General of the State in 1956 which post he held upto 2-12-1967 except for two months from 16th March, 1967 to 15th May 1967 when he became the Acting Judge of the High Court of Jammu and Kashmir – enrolled as Advocate of the Supreme Court of India in 1955 – unanimously elected as the President of the Bar Association, Jammu, in 1966-67 – conducted several intricate cases involving important questions of law and Constitution both before the Supreme Court and the High Court of Jammu and Kashmir. Became permanent Judge of the High Court of Jammu and Kashmir on 3-12-1967 and Chief Justice of that Court on 2-4-1975; Appointed Judge of the Supreme Court on 23-1-1976.
Hon'ble Sh. Justice Syed Murtaza Fazl Ali
The Hon’ble Sir Syed Fazl Ali, Kt. (Jan, 1941) B.A. (Allahabad), Bar-at-Law, Judge, Federal Court/Supreme Court – 9 Jun. 1947-19 Sept., 1951 and 15 Oct., 1951 – 30 May, 1952. b. Sept,, 19, 1886, s. of Saiyid Nazir Ali, m. Kubra Begum, two s. and three d. Educ.: London Mission School, Benaras, Queens College, Benaras, Muir Central College, Allahabad; Middle Temple, London, Practised as a Barrister at Chapra and Patna, Judge, Patna High Court April 1928, acted as Chief Justice 1938; deputed by the Govt. of Bihar to settle certain industrial disputes at Jamshedpur. Appointed Permanent Chief Justice Jan. 1943, Chairman R.I.N: Mutiny Enquiry Commission, April 46. Member Caslcutta Disturbances Enquiry Commission September 1946; went as Delegate for India to the 2nd Session of the U.N. General Assembly at New York September 1947; Elected Chairman of the Fifth Committee of the Assembly during that session; Governor at Orissa 1952-54, Chairman, States Reorganization Commission (SRC) 1954-55, Governor Assam, 1956-1959.